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Energy management

Balancing activity and rest

Are you tired? You are not alone. Between 6 and 7.5% of the population is fatigued.  Fatigue is one of the top ten reasons Canadians seek help from their primary care provider; up to 33% of patients report experiencing fatigue.  Unfortunately, no medical diagnosis can explain it in up to half of the patients.  Despite this fact, the good news is that there are therapeutic options to alleviate fatigue symptoms. 

What is fatigue?

Fatigue is not a disease.  It is rather a symptom of an underlying health condition (e.g., pregnancy, concussion, vitamin deficiency, anemia, heart condition, surgery recovery, etc.), mental health problem (e.g., stress, anxiety, bereavement, depression, etc.), treatment side effect (e.g., antidepressants, antihistamines, chemotherapy, etc.), and/or personal habit (e.g., not exercising, drinking too much coffee, not sleeping enough, etc.).  Fatigue is usually multifactorial, meaning there is more than one factor (or cause) contributing to the fatigue load. Most people experience some fatigue every day. For example, it is normal to feel fatigued at the end of day.  However chronic fatigue is not a normal state. In the long run, chronic fatigue can negatively impact work performance, family life, personal relationships, mood, physical performance, quality of life and recovery.

How is fatigue treated?

There is no specific cure or effective medication for fatigue. The first step is always to identify the possible causes then to treat and/or optimize the contributing medical conditions (e.g., correcting anemia).  Non-pharmaceutical approaches (e.g., exercise, sleep therapy [link to CBT-I article], energy management, etc.) can help boost energy levels and achieve control over fatigue symptoms.

What is energy management?

Energy management is not a cure for fatigue but rather a way to helping patients regain control over their fatigue symptoms by learning how to effectively save and spend their energy.  Energy management is a self-management program, supervised by a trained health care provider.  The goal is to find a good enough balance between work, rest, and leisure in order to decrease the energy demand on the body. It uses different cognitive and behavioural modifications to address fatigue factors, as listed below.


Educating patients about their fatigue signs and the vicious cycle of fatigue is the cornerstone of energy management. It helps them develop the required awareness to better manage their energy. Keeping an energy diary and reviewing one’s lifestyle habits are important tools.

Energy conservation 

Integrating the 4 simple steps of energy conservation can help achieve activities throughout the day while maintaining an adequate energy level. The 4 P’s (prioritizing, planning, pacing, positioning) are explored in detail in our program.

Sleep, rest and relaxation

The differences between the sleep, rest and relaxation and their relationship with stress are explored in our program. Sleep optimization is essential to achieve good energy management as almost all people with sleep problems experience fatigue. Both rest and relaxation are also essential to restore energy. 

Cognitive restructuring

People struggling with chronic fatigue too often avoid leisure activities to only focus on work and obligations which adds to the fatigue problem. During therapy, patients will learn to identify their priorities, set realistic expectations, and explore attitudes that promote good energy management. The success of energy management depends ultimately on the patients’ willingness to comply with the recommended strategies.

Who is a good candidate for energy management?

All adults with chronic fatigue symptoms can benefit from energy management.  Before undertaking energy management, it is necessary to have a thorough fatigue assessment in order to identify underlying medical conditions and/or drug side effects that could be causing your fatigue.  Book your fatigue consultation with our expert team now.  With our energy management program, you will develop the tools and acquire the skills to break the vicious cycle of fatigue, reach your goals and improve your quality of life.

Relevant OHIP-funded Group Counselling

energy management, bfm, Institute for Behavioural & Functional Medicine, ontario, canada

Energy Management

Investing your energy to give you more of it

(Coming 2025)

Energy management services offered in...

Group Counselling, ibfm, Institute for Behavioural & Functional Medicine, free psychotherapy

Group Counselling

OHIP-funded, MD-delivered, evidence-based programs, virtually

medical doctor consultation for sleep issues, headache, fatigue, lower back pain, chronic pain, post-concussion syndrome, hypertension, high blood pressure, Group Counselling, ibfm, Institute for Behavioural & Functional Medicine, free psychotherapy

Medical Assessment

OHIP-funded medical assessments for behavioural & lifestyle interventions

occupational therapy, IBFM Institute for Behavioural & Functional Medicine Ontario, Canada

Occupational therapy

Reintegrating into one’s work, life, and community

psychotherapy, IBFM Institute for Behavioural & Functional Medicine Ontario, Canada


Getting your mind in line with what you want