Sports Medicine

What Is Sports Medicine?

  • Sports Medicine is a sub-specialty focusing on disease prevention, diagnosis and improving physical functioning through rehabilitation.


  • While Sports Medicine physicians do treat athletes in helping them achieve peak physical performance, majority of patients treated are not athletes, but people desiring improved physical performance.


  • In this sense, the practice of Sports Medicine could be called “Activity Medicine” or “Physical Medicine” or “Rehabilitation Medicine”.


  • Many of the patients treated by Sports Medicine physicians are car accident, slip-and-fall and concussion patients.


  • Like athletes who seek peak performance, these patients look for improved performance and quality of life.

Sports Medicine Training

  • The majority of Sports Medicine physicians train in general practice before doing further training in Sports Medicine (some train in, physical medicine & rehabilitation, orthopaedic surgery, neurology, emergence medicine or internal medicine).
  • Concussion is one of the most common conditions treated by Sports Medicine physicians.
  • Sports Medicine physicians are well positioned to treat the consequences of post-concussion syndrome, drawing on a strong foundation in general practice, and further training in sports medicine.
  • Many of the most commonly reported complaints made by patients to their primary care providers are conditions that are very common in post-concussion syndrome:
  1. Headache
  2. Neck pain, back pain and musculoskeletal pain
  3. Fatigue
  4. Insomnia and sleep-wake disturbances
  5. Depression
  6. Anxiety
  7. Dizziness
  8. Visual problems
  9. Concentration and attention problems
  10. Hormonal dysfunction
  11. Nutrition
  12. Weight loss
  13. Cardiovascular issues
  14. Autonomic dysfunction
  • Moreover, they have a broad understanding in managing these conditions in the context of patients’ other health conditions, medication regimens, and in the biopsychosocial model of illness/injury.

Further Training in Post-concussion Syndrome Management