Multiple studies have found that biofeedback is useful in the management of headaches. A very influential group, the U.S. Headache Consortium in 2000 reviewed all evidence-based behavioural and physical treatments for migraine and recommended biofeedback as a Grade A treatment (“multiple well-designed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) revealing a consistent pattern of positive findings”). Several other reviews (Yucha & Montgomery, 2009; Nestoriuc & Martin, 2007; Andrasik, 2010) found concordant results. In a meta-analysis of 74 studies (Nestoriuc et al., 2008), biofeedback was also found to be effective for the treatment of tension-type headaches.
Moreover, post-concussion patients can have many conditions found in central sensitivity syndrome; many are sensitive to the effects of medication and non-pharmacological options avoid exposure to the same.
Blood volume pulse biofeedback gave better results than sEMG and temperature BFB (Nestoriuc & Martin, 2007). Blood volume pulse is intimately related to HRV training. HRV training is used to improve one’s influence over the autonomic nervous system. To further improve one’s influence, sEMG training and temperature training are added. There are ways to increase the challenge level to avoid a plateau in training.