Optimism is the third, and often under-appreciated, leg in the formula to success – in addition to aptitude and drive. Those that display optimistic attitudes consistently out perform predictions based on aptitude testing (e.g., MCAT, SAT, etc.). Optimism is a tool that can be used to improve health outcomes as studies have shown. People often don’t have accurate insight into their preferred style of how interpret life’s events: pessimistically or optimistically.


Seligman, Martin E. P. Learned Optimism: How to Change Your Mind and Your Life. Vintage; Reprint edition (Jan. 3 2006)